An appraisal is a thought process leading to an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is arrived at through a formal process that typically uses the three ”common approaches to value”. They are the Cost Approach – which is what it would cost to replace the improvements, less physical deterioration and other factors, plus the land value. There is the Sales Comparison Approach – which involves making a comparison to other similar, nearby properties which have recently sold. The Sales Comparison Approach is normally the most accurate and best indicator of value for a residential property. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is of most importance in appraising income producing properties – it involves estimating what an investor would pay based on the income produced by the property. For a more detailed description of the appraisal process click here: What is an appraisal?
An appraiser provides a professional, unbiased opinion of market value, to be used in making real estate decisions. Appraisers present their formal analysis in appraisal reports.
There are many reasons to obtain an appraisal with the most common reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Other reasons for ordering an appraisal include:
- To obtain a loan.
- To lower your tax burden.
- To establish the replacement cost of insurance.
- To contest high property taxes.
- To settle an estate.
- To provide a negotiating tool when purchasing real estate.
- To determine a reasonable price when selling real estate.
- To protect your rights in a condemnation case.
- Because a government agency such as the IRS requires it.
- If you are involved in a lawsuit.
For more details on when you might need an appraisal click here: When to get an Appraisal